K-4 – Inquiry – Abilities – 3. Employ simple equipment and tools to gather data and extend the senses
K-4 – Inquiry – Abilities – 5. Communicate investigations and explanations
K-4 – History of Science – Human Endeavor – 1. Science and technology have been practiced for a long time
5-8 – Inquiry – Abilities – 6. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions
5-8 – History of Science – History – 2. In historical perspective, science has been practiced by different individuals in different cultures. In looking at the history of many peoples, one finds that scientists and engineers of high achievement are considered to be among the most valued contributors to their culture.
AAAS Project 2061 Benchmarks (Science)
Nature of Science – World View – 6-8 – 3. Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.
Nature of Science – Inquiry – 6-8 – 3. What people expect to observe often affects what they actually do observe. Strong beliefs about what should happen in particular circumstances can prevent them from detecting other results. Scientists know about this danger to objectivity and take steps to try and avoid it when designing investigations and examining data. One safeguard is to have different investigators conduct independent studies of the same questions.
Nature of Science – Enterprise – 3-5 – 1. Science is an adventure that people everywhere can take part in, as they have for many centuries.
Nature of Science – Enterprise – 6-8 – 1. Important contributions to the advancement of science, mathematics, and technology have been made by different kinds of people, in different cultures, at different times.
Nature of Science – Enterprise – 6-8 – 6. Computers have become invaluable in science because they speed up and extend people’s ability to collect, store, compile, and analyze data, prepare research reports, and share data and ideas with investigators all over the world.
The Physical Setting – Universe – K-2 – 1. There are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count, but they are not scattered evenly, and they are not all the same in brightness or color.
The Physical Setting – Universe – 3-5 – 1. The patterns of stars in the sky stay the same, although they appear to move across the sky nightly, and different stars can be seen in different seasons.
NCTM Standards (Mathematics)
PreK-2 – Geometry – Specify locations – 1. Describe, name, and interpret relative positions in space and apply ideas about relative position
3-5 – Geometry – Specify locations – 2. Make and use coordinate systems to specify locations and to describe paths
NETS Performance Indicators (Technology)
PreK-2 – 1. Use input devices (e.g., mouse, keyboard, remote control) and output devices (e.g., monitor, printer) to successfully operate computers, VCRs, audiotapes, and other technologies.
3-5 – 5. Use technology tools (e.g., multimedia authoring, presentation, Web tools, digital cameras, scanners) for individual and collaborative writing, communication, and publishing activities to create knowledge products for audiences inside and outside the classroom.
3-5 – 8. Use technology resources (e.g., calculators, data collection probes, videos, educational software) for problem solving, self-directed learning, and extended learning activities.
NCTE (Language Arts)
NCSS (Social Studies)
IEb. Give examples of how experiences may be interpreted differently by people from diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference.
IEc. Describe ways in which language, stories, folktales, music, and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence behavior of people living in a particular culture
IEd. Compare ways in which people from different cultures think about and deal with their physical environment and social conditions.
IMb. Explain how information and experiences may be interpreted by people from diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference.
IIEa. Demonstrate an understanding that different people may describe the same event or situation in diverse ways, citing reasons fro the differences in views.
IIEe. Demonstrate an understanding that people in different times and places view the world differently.
IIMe. Develop critical sensitivities such as empathy and skepticism regarding attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in different historical contexts.
Sunshine State Standards (Florida)
SC.E.2.2.1: Knows that, in addition to the Sun, there are many other stars that are far away.
MA.C.3.2.2: identifies and plots positive ordered pairs (whole numbers) in a rectangular coordinate system (graph).
LA.A.2.2.1: reads text and determines the main idea or essential message, identifies relevant supporting details and facts, and arranges events in chronological order
LA.A.2.2.2 identifies the author’s purpose in a simple text
LA.A.2.2.6 recognizes the difference between fact and opinion presented in a text
VA.A. The student understands and applies media, techniques, and processes
VA.A.1.2.1 uses and organizes two-dimensional and three-dimensional media, techniques, tools, and processes to produce works of art that are derived from personal experience, observation, or imagination
VA.A.1.2.2 uses control in handling tools and materials in a safe and responsible manner
VA.B. The student creates and communicates a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas using knowledge of structures and functions of visual arts
VA.B.1.2.1 understands that subject matter used to create unique works of art can come from personal experience, observation, imagination, and themes
VA.B.1.2.2.understands what makes different art media, techniques, and processes effective or ineffective in communicating various ideas
VA.B.1.2.3 knows how to identify the intentions of those creating works of art
VA.C. The student understands the visual arts in relation to history and culture
VA.C.1.2.2 understands how artists have used visual languages and symbol systems through time and across cultures
VA.D. The student assesses and evaluated and responds to the characteristics of works of art
VA.D.1.2.1 develops and justifies criteria for the evaluation of visual works of art using appropriate vocabulary
VA.D.1.2.2 uses different approaches to respond to and to judge various works of art
VA.E. The student makes connections between the visual arts, other disciplines, and the real world
VA.E.1.2.2 knows the types of tasks performed by various artists and some of the required training